battle of edington facts

By the 10th century the Anglo-Saxon model of kingship seems to have been universally adopted by the Anglo-Danish leadership.

After fighting for much of the day, the Danes fled to what became the Danelaw, surrendering at Chippenham, their own fortress, after a 14 day siege. At the Battle of Edington an army of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex under Alfred the Great defeated the Great Heathen Army led by Guthrum on a date between 6 and 12 May AD 878.

. The Danes attacked Chippenham "in midwinter after Twelfth Night",[9] probably during the night of January 6–7, 878.

Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. The arrival of the West Saxon soldiers at Egbert's Stone.

[33] Although most early historians had sited the battle as in the Edington, Wiltshire area, the significant interest in the subject encouraged many antiquarians to dig up Alfredian sites and also to propose alternatives for the location of the battle.

History > Battles > Battle of Edington. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. He then defeated the Vikings (or Danes) under Guthrum, fighting behind a protective wall of shields, reminiscent of tactics used by the Roman legions. The Alfred Jewel, an ornament inscribed with Alfred’s name, was found at Athelney in 1693.….

In addition, Ealdorman Aethelred Mucel of Mercia's son Aethelred led an experienced Mercian contingent to join the West Saxons. In the 9th century, the Danes had been steadily invading England, pushing and prodding the Anglo-Saxon residents. They launched a winter attack on a surprised King Alfred at his court of Chippenham. Consequently, in 879 the Viking army left Chippenham and made its way to Cirencester and remained there for a year. Before its destruction this version had been transcribed and annotated; it is this transcription on which modern translations are based. In the late 9th century the Danes had slowly but surely infiltrated the British Isles and pushed back the Anglo-Saxon inhabitants.

More British Battles Battle (See also War.) This page was last modified 20:23, 14 May 2005. [11] Alfred spent Christmas at Chippenham, thirty miles from Gloucester. [14][15] In the seventh week after Easter, or between 4 and 7 May,[16] Alfred called a levy at Ecgbryhtesstan (Egbert's Stone).

60. [47], Also in 879, according to Asser, another Viking army sailed up the River Thames and wintered at Fulham. In the meantime, more information about the article and the author can be found by clicking on the author’s name. Reinvading Wessex, they captured Wareham and, in 877, occupied Exeter. [15] In addition, in 875 Guthrum had lost the support of other Danish lords, including Ivar and Ubbe. The first major battle of the Peninsular War. Previously, the Vikings had come to raid and settle around the coast; this force came to conquer. The Memorial stone plaque reads: Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, A.D. 793: "This year came dreadful fore-warnings over the land of the Northumbrians, terrifying the people most woefully: these were immense sheets of light rushing through the air, and whirlwinds, and fiery dragons flying across the firmament.

fact lexicon with terms going straight to the point. The Tudor historian Polydore Vergil appears to have misread the ancient texts for the battle site, as he places it at Abyndoniam (Abingdon) instead of Edington. At the Battle of Edington an army of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex under Alfred the Great defeated the Great Heathen Army led by Guthrum on a date between 6 and 12 May AD 878, soon resulting in the Treaty of Wedmore later the same year.


When spring came, Alfred sent out a call to his fyrd, or army, to assemble at an unknown place called Egbert's Stone. Battle of Edington -- (May 878) was a battle which took place near Edington (then known as "Ethandun") in the county of Wiltshire in South west England. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. After the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of East Anglia, Mercia, and Northumbria had been conquered by the Danish army, Wessex in southern England held out against the invaders. [3] After the sacking of Lindisfarne the raids around the coasts were somewhat sporadic till the 830s, when the attacks became more sustained. WHEN May, 878 AD WHERE Ethandun (Edington), near Trowbridge, Wiltshire WHO Danes under Guthrum vs. Saxons under King Alfred of Wessex WHY [8] Guthrum, with two other unnamed kings, "departed for Cambridge in East Anglia". Alfred’s Wessex controlled the south and west, Viking Danelaw the north and east. The battle soon resulted in the Treaty of Wedmore later the same year. The battle features in several historical novels and dramas: TO COMMEMORATE THE BATTLE OF ETHANDUN FOUGHT IN THIS VICINITY MAY 878 AD WHEN KING ALFRED THE GREAT DEFEATED THE VIKING ARMY, GIVING BIRTH TO THE ENGLISH NATIONHOOD. [19][44] It is possible that the enforced conversion was an attempt by Alfred to lock Guthrum into a Christian code of ethics, hoping it would ensure the Danes' compliance with any treaties agreed to. The Anglo-Saxons then charged against the Danes, who faltered.

[45], Under the terms of the Treaty of Wedmore, the converted Guthrum was required to leave Wessex and return to East Anglia. [5] It was said to have been under the leadership of the brothers Ivar the Boneless, Ubba, and Halfdan Ragnarsson. [8] His army settled there and he is not mentioned after 876, when "[the Danes] were engaged in ploughing and making a living for themselves". [30] File:Edendonedb.png, Alternatives to Edington, Wiltshire, have been suggested since early times.

The Vikings’ purpose was to conquer the kingdoms completely, yet the battle of Edington in 878 stemmed the tide and a tentative alliance was drawn up, splitting the country in two between English-ruled territory and lands administered by the Danes (the Danelaw). He overthrew the Pagans with great slaughter, and smiting the fugitives, he pursued them as far as the fortress ."[15]. Illustrated Dictionary of Church History & Architecture. He later founded a monastery on the island as a thank-offering for his victory. In the Spring of 878, he summoned his West Saxon forces and marched to Edington, where he met the Danes, led by Guthrum, in battle. [48] Over the next few years this particular Danish faction had several encounters with Alfred's forces. [15] After two weeks, the hungry Danes sued for peace, giving Alfred "preliminary hostages and solemn oaths that they would leave his kingdom immediately", just as usual, but in addition promising that Guthrum would be baptized.

[31][32] In the 19th century there was a resurgence in interest of medieval history and King Alfred was seen as a major hero. Eventually his people re-grouped and raised an Anglo-Saxon army and defeated the Vikings at the Battle of Edington. Connect with us on Facebook. The Oxford Companion to British History. In addition, he and his captains were baptised into Christianity.

[29] The Domesday book has an entry for Romsey Abbey holding land at Edendone (Wilt'schire) at the time of Edward the Confessor and also in 1086, and this is known to be at Edington, Wiltshire. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: The best he could hope for was to consolidate his current possessions. Updates? Of the nine battles mentioned by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle during that year, only one was a West Saxon victory; but in this year Alfred succeeded his brother Ethelred, who died after the Battle of Merton.[7]. Let us know. "The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: An Electronic Edition (Vol 1) literary edition", "A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 8: Warminster, Westbury and Whorwellsdown Hundreds", "The Electronic Sawyer an online version of the revised edition of Sawyer's Anglo-Saxon Charters section one [S 1-1602]".

They then besieged Guthrum for two weeks, starving him into surrender. Alfred the Great had spent the winter preceding the Battle of Edington in the Somerset marsh of Athelney, the nature of the country giving him some protection. [2] At the other end of the country, in the Kingdom of Northumbria, during AD 793 the Holy Island of Lindisfarne was raided.

Battle of Edington, (6–12 May 878). This system did much to stabilize the political situation and bring a measure of peace to the ravaged islands. The Battle of Edington. [22] In 1904 William Henry Stevenson analysed possible sites and said "So far, there is nothing to prove the identity of this Eðandune [as named in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle] with Edington" but then goes on to say that "there can be little reason for questioning it". However, Ubbe was met by Ealdorman Odda of Devon in the Battle of Cynwit, and Ubbe was struck down in battle and his fleet destroyed. Questions or concerns?

[8] He made several attacks on Wessex, starting in 875, and in the last nearly captured Alfred in his winter fortress at Chippenham. The new king benefited from a lull in the onslaught until 876, when Danish attacks resumed in earnest. . The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle attempts to convey the impression that Alfred held the initiative; it is "a bland chronicle which laconically charts the movements of the Danish victors while at the same time disingenuously striving to convey the impression that Alfred was in control",[10] although it fails. RESULTS The Viking king of East Anglia, Guthrum, had launched invasions of Wessex in 875 (taking Wareham) and 876-877 (targeting Exeter), but he was twice bribed to retreat by King Alfred in order to buy time. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Historica Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community. Surely, even at a distance of 1100+ years, these numbers are pure speculation. Northampton, battle of Their king, Guthrum, accepted Christianity and took his forces to East Anglia, where they settled.…, …won a decisive victory at Edington, near Chippenham. The first we read of Alfred after the disaster at Chippenham is around Easter, when he built a fortress at Athelney. ", A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 8: Warminster, Westbury and Whorwellsdown Hundreds (1965), Asser's Life of King Alfred: Asserius De Rebus Gestis Ælfredi, Charter S.646 referring to a meeting held at Edington in 957 by the king's councillors, Charter S.765 giving land from Edington to Romsey Abbey in 968. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR.

[4], The raiding continued and with each year became more and more intense. Edington parish church.

Further Danish forces had settled on the land before Guthrum attacked Wessex: in East Anglia, and in Mercia between the treaty at Exeter and the attack on Chippenham; many others were lost in a storm off Swanage in 876-7, with 120 ships wrecked[16] Internal disunity was threatening to tear the Danes apart, and they needed time to reorganize. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. [7] So he retreated to the south, preparing himself and his forces for another battle, and then defeated Guthrum and his host. In the 9th century, the Danes had been steadily invading England, pushing and prodding the Anglo-Saxon residents. Guthrum was left overextended, and Alfred and his ealdormen broke up the Danish supply lines and lines of communication. Skorpa then rode in between the shield walls and threw Iseult's severed head at Uhtred, taunting him about showing no mercy. By 896 the Vikings gave up with some going to East Anglia and others going to Northumbria. Alfred seems at this time to have ineffectually chased the Danes around Wessex, while the Danes were in a position to do as they pleased. Battle of Edington -- (May 878) was a battle which took place near Edington (then known as "Ethandun") in the county of Wiltshire in South west England. The fact that his army could not defend the fortified Chippenham, even in "an age... as yet untrained in siege warfare"[10] casts great doubt on its ability to defeat the Danes in an open field, unaided by fortifications.

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